FASD & the Justice System

Anderson, D. (2008). Traditional Aboriginal Justice: A Toronto Agency Helps Offenders with FASD through its Community Council Program. Aboriginal Approaches to FASD.  A special report by the OFIFC. Available @ http://www.ofifc.org/sites/default/files/docs/20080101_Aboriginal_Approaches_FASD.pdf

Chartrand, L. and Forbe-Chilibeck, E. (2003).  The Sentencing of Offenders with Fetal Alcohol Syndrome.  11 Health L. J. 35.  Available @ https://www.researchgate.net/publication/8129997_The_sentencing_of_offenders_with_Fetal_Alcohol_Syndrome (subscription needed from academic organization)

Clark, E., Lutke, J., Minnes, P., and Ouellette-Kuntz, H. (2004). Secondary Disabilities among Adults with Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder in British Columbia. J FAS Int;2:e13 Oct. 2004 Available @


Cox, L., Clairmont, D., and Cox, S. (2008). Knowledge and Attitudes of Criminal Justice Professionals in Relation to Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder.  Can J Clin Pharmacol Vol. 15 (2) Summer 2008:e306-e313.  Available @ https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18678920

Currie, A. (2009). Access to Criminal Justice and FASD.  Department of Justice, Canada. Available @ https://www.publicsafety.gc.ca/lbrr/archives/cnmcs-plcng/cn33771-eng.pdf

Freedman, Lauren. "Trying for Equality: An Analysis of Differential Approaches to Sentencing Offenders with Psychopathy and FASD" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the ASC Annual Meeting, St. Louis Adam's Mark, St. Louis, Missouri, Nov 12, 2008 Abstract available here: http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p270202_index.html (full report can be accessed by the author).

Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder and the Courts: An Introduction for Legal Professionals

Kelly, K.A. (2003). The Victimization of Inpiduals with Fetal Alcohol Syndrome/Fetal Alcohol Effects. TASH Connections, August/September 29-30. Available @ http://www.faslink.org/Kelly_TASH.htm

Malbin, D.V. (2004). Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD) and the Role of Family Court Judges in Improving Outcomes for Children and Families. Juvenile and Family Court Journal, 55. Available @ http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1755-6988.2004.tb00161.x/full (full article behind a paywall)

Bloom, H., Heerema, M. and Schneider, R. D. (2007) Mental Health Courts: Decriminalizing the Mentally Ill. Toronto, Ontario, Canada: Irwin Law. Available @ http://jaapl.org/content/37/1/133

Mitten, R. (2004). "Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders and the Justice System" in Commission on First Nations and Métis Peoples and Justice Reform Final Report – Vol. II. Section 9.  Available @ http://www.justice.gov.sk.ca/justicereform/volume2/12section9.pdf

Moore, T. E., and Green, M. (2004). Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD): A Need for Closer Examination by the Criminal Justice System. Criminal Reports, 19 C.R. 6th: 99-108.

Roach, K. and Bailey, A. (2009). The Relevance of Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder in Canadian Criminal Law From Investigation to Sentencing. U.B.C. Law Review. 42:1. Available @ https://www.researchgate.net/publication/228263950_The_Relevance_of_Fetal_Alcohol_Spectrum_Disorder_and_the_Criminal_Law_from_Investigation_to_Sentencing

Sokolov, H. (2009). Book Review: Mental Health Courts: Decriminalizing the Mentally Ill.  The Journal of the American Academy of Psychiatry and the Law. Volume 37, Number 1; 133-4).  Available @ http://www.jaapl.org/cgi/reprint/37/1/133.pdf

• Verdun-Jones, S. N., & Butler, A. (2013). Sentencing neurocognitively impaired offenders in canada. Canadian Journal of Criminology and Criminal Justice/La Revue Canadienne De Criminologie Et De Justice Pénale, 55(4), 495-512. Abstract available here: http://www.utpjournals.press/doi/abs/10.3138/cjccj.2012.ES02 (full report accessible with academic institution login; otherwise behind paywall)