FASD & the Justice System

Glossary

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Term Definition
Diencephalon
The posterior part of the forebrain that connects the midbrain with the cerebral hemispheres, encloses the third ventricle, and contains the thalamus and hypothalamus. Also called the interbrain, it functions as a relay centre within the brain.
Dysmaturity
is a classic sign of FASD described by Clarren, Malbin and Streissguth. A person with FASD will simultaneously exhibit behaviours common to people of different ages. For example, someone with FASD might be 18 years of age, sound like a 22 year old (expressive language), act like a 6 year old in a social and moral sense, read like a young teen and understand time and money at about the same level as a 12 year old. People with FASD tend to catch up to themselves as much as they are going to by their early to mid-thirties.
Dysmorphology
is the faulty formation of the structures of shape or form in the developing embryo.
Dysplasias
condition of abnormal development.